Since ancient times, philosophers have discussed the importance of the mind in governing human life. That, in our reality, all matter that exists, these external things were and are the result of thought, consciousness. Simply put, if a person thinks of themselves as wealthy, they would acquire wealth, while if a person were to think of thoughts pertaining to lack; poverty, then that would produce the corresponding effects; like, like attraction, in the person’s life circumstances. Today, modern science has acknowledged the truth of these findings, through Quantum Theory.
Yoga has specific techniques that deal with the science of mind control. Shankaracharya defined the mind in four different ways as per its functions: manas for the job of resolving and doubting; buddhi for the decision and judgment; asmita for the consciousness of its individual existence and chita for remembering the previous experiences.
The Mind is a vast collection of thoughts and traces of past experiences. When you are born, your mind is the collection of samskaras collected over the previous births. Those samskaras, whose fruits have already been enjoyed have been wiped out. But as you grow up, new samskaras are being added continuously due to various acts performed by you from birth to death. This translates into the law of karma which states that the events one faces in his life are the results of the activities done by him in the past and his mind at birth contains the samskaras from his previous births.
Yoga recognizes five factors, basic to the mind of every person. They are called kleshas because they are the forefathers of every human misery. They are: avidya which is the false knowledge or ignorance of one’s true self in relation to the objects; asmita or ego feeling since in yoga, body and soul are two different aspects; raga is the liking of pleasurable experience; dvesha or aversion to pain; abhinivesha or fear of death.
Yoga understands human behavior from the perspective of these five qualities which are assumed to be present in a person since birth and are considered as the impurities of the mind. They make a person unstable and agitated. It is Yoga that is a holistic tool, serving the entire body, and a person’s lived experience, through the way of dhyana, contemplation, and meditation, and pranayama to aid in the cleansing of your mind.